Power - Terms 1

Hebrew Terms

There are three parts to this study. Two cover the Hebrew terms and one covers the Greek terms.
You'll want to look at all three. Here are the links to the three parts:

  - Power - Part 1 - Hebrew
  
Power - Part 2 - Hebrew
  - Power - Part 3 - Greek

Each of the parts presents the original language word as given by Strong's Concordance. I've also included the words from which the term was derived so you can see how the meaning was determined. There are special insights to be gained from many of the root words, so please don't overlook them.

Please remember that everything after the (:--) in Strong's definitions is a word by which the term is actually “translated" in the King James Version. It is not part of the definition.
H1369 – gabuwrah – used 61 times

1369. h∂r…wb…◊g gbuwrah, gheb-oo-raw´; feminine passive participle from the same as 1368; force (literally or figuratively); by implication, valor, victory:
—force, mastery, might, mighty (act, power), power, strength.
1368.
rwø;b…ˆg  gibbowr, ghib-bore´; or (shortened) r;Ob…ˆg  gibbor, ghib-bore´; intensive from the same as 1397; powerful; by implication, warrior, tyrant:
—champion, chief, x excel, giant, man, mighty (man, one), strong (man), valiant man.

Deuteronomy 3:24:  ‘My Sovereign, YAHWEH, You Yourself  את
have begun to show Your servant himself  את
Your greatness itself  את and Your strong hand itself.  את 

Who, what god in the skies or on the earth, 
who can do according to Your actions or according to Your
power?

1 Kings 15:23And the rest of all the words of Asa, 
and all his
power, and all that he did, and the cities which he built,
are they not written on the scroll of the words of the days of the kings of Yahudah?
However at the time of his old age 
his feet themselves את  were diseased. 

1 Chronicles 29:11:  To You, YAHWEH, is the greatness,
the power, and the glory,
the eternal excellence, and the majesty!
Indeed, all that is in the heavens and in the earth is Yours!
Yours is The Kingdom, YAHWEH!
And You are The One exalting Himself
as the head of everything! 

29:12 And the riches and the honor
are because of Your presence! 

And You Yourself את are ruling in everything!

 And in Your hand is power and might!

 And it is in Your hand to make one great
and to strengthen for the sake of everyone!

2 Chronicles 20:6 And  he said, “YAHWEH, The Elohim of our fathers,

are not You Yourself את He, The Elohim in The Heavens?

And You Yourself את are ruling

among all the kingdoms of the nations?

And in Your hand is power and might.

And no one can stand himself against You?

Job 12:13 With Him are wisdom and power. 
His are counsel and discretion.

Psalms 20:6 Now I know that YAHWEH
will cause His anointed to be delivered.
He will answer him from His set apart Heavens
with the strength of the deliverance of His right hand.

Psalms 21:13:  Be exalted, YAHWEH, by Your strength! 
We will sing! 
And we will sing praise of Your
power!

Psalms 54:1:  Elohim, in Your Name deliver me! 
And with Your
power grant me justice!

Psalms 66:7:  Who will be ruling in His power to eternity!
His eyes are on the nations,
keeping watch of the
rebellious.
There will be no cause for them to exalt themselves!
Selah.

Psalms 71:16:  I will come in the power of My Sovereign, YAHWEH
I will cause Your justice to be remembered, Yours alone!

Psalms 145:11:  They will speak of the splendor of Your kingdom.
And they will speak of Your
might 
12 for the sake of making known
to the children of the human being
His
might and the splendor
of the majesty of His kingdom.

Psalms 147:10:  He does not delight 
in the
strength of the horse.
He takes no pleasure in the legs of a man.

Proverbs 8:14:  Advice is mine,
even sound wisdom.
I myself am understanding.
Power is mine.

Isaiah 11:2:  The Divine Nature of YAHWEH will rest upon Him,
the Divine Nature of wisdom and understanding, 
the Divine Nature of advice and
power
the Divine Nature of knowledge 
and of the reverence of
YAHWEH.

Isaiah 30:15:  For thus said my Sovereign YAHWEH
The Set apart One of Yisrael, 
“In returning and quietness you will be delivered. 
In tranquility and confidence will your
strength exist.” 
But you were not willing!

Jeremiah 9:23:  Thus said YAHWEH
“Let the wise not boast himself in his wisdom. 
Let the mighty not boast in his
might
or the rich boast in his riches,

Micah 3:8:  However, I am truly filled with power, 
with The Divine Nature of YAHWEH itself את,
and with judgment, 
and with
strength 
for the sake of declaring 
to Ya‛akob his rebellion 
and to Yisra’el his offense!

Micah 7:16:  The nations will see! 
And they will be be ashamed of all their
power
They will place their hand over their mouth! 
Their ears will be deaf!

H2220 –zarowa – used 97 times

2220. Aowør◊z  zrowa{, zer-o´-ah; or (shortened) AoOr◊z  zroao, zer-o´-ah; and (feminine) hDowør◊z  zrowpah, zer-o-aw´; or hDoOr◊z  zrowah, zer-o-aw´; from 2232; the arm (as stretched out), or (of animals) the foreleg; figuratively, force:
—arm, + help, mighty, power, shoulder, strength.
2232
. oArÎz  zara{, zaw-rah´; a primitive root; to sow; figuratively, to disseminate, plant, fructify:
—bear, conceive seed, set with sow(-er), yield.

Genesis 49:24 But his bow abode in strength, and the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of The Mighty One of Ya’akob; (from there is The Shepherd, The Stone of Yisra’el:)

Exodus 6:6:  For this reason say to the children of Yisra’el, ‘I am YAHWEH
And I will bring out you yourselves את
from under the burdens of the Egyptians! 
And I will snatch away you yourselves את from their work! 
And I will redeem you yourselves 
את
with an arm stretched out and with great judgments!

Exodus 15:16 Terror and dread fell on them. 
Because of Your great arm they are silent like a stone, 
until Your people
pass over, YAHWEH
until the people pass over whom You have acquired.

Deuteronomy 4:34:  Or has The Elohim attempted to go to take for Himself 
a nation from the midst of a nation by testings, by signs, and by awesome displays,
and by battles, and by a strong hand, and by an
outstretched arm, and by great fear, 
according to all that
YAHWEH, your Elohim, did for you against Egypt before your eyes?

Judges 15:14:  He was coming to Lehi. 
And the Philistines shouted at meeting him. 
And the Divine Nature of
YAHWEH came mightily upon him.
And the ropes that were on his
arms were like flax that is burned with fire.
And his bonds broke loose from upon his hands.

1 Samuel 2:31:  Behold! The days are coming that I will cut off your arm itself את
and the arm itself את of your father’s household! 
An old man will not exist in your household.

2 Samuel 22:35:  teaching my hands for the sake of battle,
 
and my
arms to bend a bow of brass.


Job 35:9:  Because of an abundance of oppressions
they cry out.
They cry out for help
because of the
power of the mighty.

Psalms 10:15: Shatter the arm of the morally wrong and the bad!

Search out his moral wrong until none is found!

Psalms 18:34teaching my hands for the sake of battle
and my
arms to bend a bow of copper.

Psalms 79:11: May the groaning of the prisoner 
come before Your face!
According to the greatness of Your
arm
cause those appointed to death to remain.

Psalms 89:13:  Your arm is with might! 
Your hand
is strong!
Your right hand
is exalted!

 You have a mighty arm: strong is Your hand, and high is Your right hand.

Psalms 136:12 with a strong hand and with an outstretched arm,
            Indeed, His kindness is to eternity!

Isaiah 40:10Behold! The Sovereign YAHWEH 

is coming with a strong hand and His arm will rule for Him.

Isaiah 52:10: YAHWEH has stripped bare His set apart arm itself את
for the eyes of all the nations! 
And all the extremities of the earth 
will see the deliverance itself את of our Elohim!

Jeremiah 17:5Thus said YAHWEH
“Cursed is the man who trusts in a human being, 
and establishes flesh as his strength, 
and turns his heart away from
YAHWEH!

Jeremiah 48:25:  The horn of Mo’ab has been cut down 
and his
arm has been broken!” 
- An utterance of
YAHWEH -

Ezekiel 30:21:  “Son of a human being,  
The arm itself את of Pharaoh, king of Egypt (Mitsraim), I have shattered! 
And behold! 
It has not been bound up for the sake of healing, 
for the sake of placing a bandage to bind it 
to strengthen it for the sake of holding a sword! 

Daniel 11:22:  And with the arms of a flood will they be overflown from before Him, and will be broken; indeed, also the prince of the covenant.

H2428 – chayil –  used 250 times

2428. lˆyAj  chayil, khah´-yil; from 2342; probably a force, whether of men, means or other resources; an army, wealth, virtue, valor, strength:
—able, activity, (+) army, band of men (soldiers), company, (great) forces, goods, host, might, power, riches, strength, strong, substance, train, (+)valiant(-ly), valour, virtuous(-ly), war, worthy(-ily).
2342.
l…wj  chuwl, khool; or lyIj  chiyl, kheel; a primitive root; properly, to twist or whirl (in a circular or spiral manner), i.e. (specifically) to dance, to writhe in pain (especially of parturition) or fear; figuratively, to wait, to pervert:
—bear, (make to) bring forth, (make to) calve, dance, drive away, fall grievously (with pain), fear, form, great, grieve, (be) grievous, hope, look, make, be in pain, be much (sore) pained, rest, shake, shapen, (be) sorrow(-ful), stay, tarry, travail (with pain), tremble, trust, wait carefully (patiently), be wounded, Army, host, mighty men. Comes from a root meaning pain, fear, or anguish. Implies a large force, strength in numbers. Can also refer to wealth (volume of assets or abundance of something).

Exodus 14:4:  And I will strengthen the heart itself of Pharaohאת
And he will pursue after them. 
But I will be honored on account of Pharaoh 
and on account of all his
might
And the Egyptians will know that I am
YAHWEH.”

Exodus 14:9:  And the Egyptians pursued after them. 
And they overtook they themselves
את camping by the sea, 
all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen, 
and his
army, beside Pi Hahiroth, opposite Ba'al Tzephon.

Deuteronomy 3:18:  And I directed you yourselves את at that time saying, 
YAHWEH, your Elohim, has given you this land itself את to occupy. 
You are to
pass over armed before your kindred, 
he children of Yisrael, all the sons of ability.

yarash - to occupy (by driving out previous tenants, and possessing in their place); by implication, to seize, to rob, to inherit.
Many translations use "possess". While that is the ultimate end of these actions, and the planned purpose of YAHWEH, it is not the proper use of this term. The concept is to occupy in the place of the existing residents.

Deuteronomy 8:17:  and you say in your heart, 
‘My vitality  and the power of my hand 
have made for me 
this wealth itself!’ את

Joshua 6:2:  And YAHWEH said to Yahoshua, 
“Look! I have given into your hand
Yericho itself את
and its king himselfאת powerful warriors.

Judges 21:10And the assembly sent there twelve thousand sons of force
And they charged 
they themselves את saying, 
“Go and strike 
those dwelling at Yabesh Gil'ad themselves את
with the mouth of the sword; even the women and the children.

1 Samuel 2:4: A powerful bow is crushed. 
And those faltering 
are girded with strength.

1 Samuel 16:18: And one of the servants responded. 
And he said, “Behold! 
I have seen a son of Yishai, the Bet Lechemite, knowing how to play. 
And he is
valiant, powerful, and a man of battle. 
And he is understanding 
in words. 
And he is handsome. 
And YAHWEH is with him.” 

1 Kings 11:28:  And the man Yarob'am was a mighty man of force
And Shelomoh, had seen the young man himself, 
את
that he was doing his tasks. 
And he appointed he himself את over all the forced labor 
of the house of Yoseph.

1 Kings 20:19:  And these went out of the city, the princes of the provinces, 
and the strength which was behind them. 

2 Kings 25:5:  And the army of the Kasdim pursued after the king.
And they overtook he himself
את
in the desert plains of Yericho. 
And all his force was scattered from him.

Psalms 33:16:  The king is not delivered 
by an
abundant multitude of men.
A mighty man is not delivered by abundant strength.

Psalms 76:5:  The mighty have been plundered.
They have slept their sleep.
And all the men of
strength have not found their hands.

Isaiah 5:22:  Woe to those mighty at drinking wine and men of strength at mixing strong drink

Jeremiah 38:3:  Thus said YAHWEH
‘This city will be given, given into the hand 
of the
forces of the King of Babel! 
And he will capture it!’ ”

Ezekiel 37:10:  And I prophesied according to what I was directed. 
And the breath came into them! 
And they lived!
And they stood upon their feet,
an exceedingly, exceedingly great
company!

Nahum 2:3:  The shields of his mighty men have been dyed red. 
The men of valor are clothed in scarlet. 
The chariots are like flaming torches 
in the day of its preparation. 
And the fir spears will be brandished.

Habakkuk 3:19: YAHWEH is Sovereign, my strength
And he establishes my feet like the hinds. 
And upon my high places He causes me to walk!

Zechariah 4:6:  Then he answered and spoke unto me, saying, This is the word of YAHWEH to Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by My Divine Nature, says YAHWEH of Assemblies.

It’s clear from this list that the “translation” of these terms is inconsistent, and therefore confusing. While each reference given does provide some connection to the term involved it’s not always easy to see that connection in the English versions. This is why it’s so very important to do your homework and discover what the Truth really is as you read Scripture. Ask YAHWEH to teach you His Truth - not that of human beings who stumble over the terms as they try to make sense of them.



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May YAHWEH speak to your heart and bless you with understanding as you explore His Word.