Pity

Ezekiel 8.18

Therefore I will also
deal in fury.
My eye will not protect,
nor will I have pity.
And though they cry
in My ears
with a loud voice
I will not hear them.

Pity is not a very common term in Scripture. 
It occurs only 41 times in the entire KJV translation. 
A full 40 times it occurs in Hebrew. Only once does it occur in Greek.
Two of the terms are properly translated as pity. Out of the 41 times three terms are not properly considered pity or compassion.

The primary goal of this study and others like it that are being prepared,
is to help eliminate
confusion within The Scriptures. The current state of affairs has left us with innumerable “translations” that are not really "translations" at all. Instead, they are misleading presentations of the "traditions of men".

There's a special term for this. It's called eisegesis. It means placing one's own ideas into a text to make it conform to one's own world view or belief system. Exegesis, on the other hand, is seeking to discover what the text actually says, and means.

In this word study the following conventions will be used:
Bold = best translation 
{ } = Writer's insertions for purposes of clarity. 

HEBREW  TERMS: 

2347. s…wj chuwcç, khoos; a primitive root; properly, to cover, i.e. (figuratively) to compassionate:
—pity, regard, spare.                                         [occurs 8 times]

{This is more closely related to protect, and where the context suggests such this is the translation to be used.

2550. lAmDj chamal, khaw-mal´; a primitive root; to commiserate; by implication, to spare: 
—have compassion,
(have) pity, spare.         [occurs 4 times]

2551. hDlVmRj chemlah, khem-law´; from 2550; commiseration:
-merciful, pity.                                                 [occurs 1 time]

{To commiserate means to feel or show sorrow or pity for; sympathize in distress.} 

2603. NÅnDj chanan, khaw-nan´; a primitive root (compare 2583); properly, to bend or stoop in kindness to an inferior; to favor, bestow; causatively to implore (i.e. move to favor by petition):
- beseech, x fair, (be, find, shew) favour(-able), be (deal, give, grant (gracious(-ly), intreat, (be) merciful, have (shew) mercy (on, upon), have pity upon, pray, make supplication, x very.  
[occurs 4 times]

5110. d…wn nuwd, nood; a primitive root; to nod, i.e. waver; figuratively, to wander, flee, disappear; also (from shaking the head in sympathy), to console, deplore, or (from tossing the head in scorn) taunt:
-bemoan, flee, get, mourn, make to move, take pity, remove, shake, skip for joy, be sorry, vagabond, way, wandering.       
                                                                         
[occurs 1 time] 

5162. MAjÎn nacham, naw-kham´; a primitive root; properly, to sigh, i.e. breathe strongly; by implication, to be sorry, i.e. (in a favorable sense) to pity, console or (reflexively) rue; or (unfavorably) to avenge (oneself):
-
comfort (self), ease (one’s self), repent(-er,-ing, self).
                                                                       
[occurs 1 time] 
5164. MAjn nocham, no´-kham; from 5162; ruefulness, i.e. desistance:
—repentance.                                                [occurs 1 time] 
{} Ruefulness means causing sorrow or pity. Desistance means to cease.

7355. MAj∂r racham, raw-kham´; a primitive root; to fondle; by implication, to love, especially to compassionate
have compassion (on, upon), love, (find, have, obtain, shew) mercy(-iful, on, upon), (have) pity, Ruhamah, x surely.
                                                                     
[occurs 3 times] 

7356. MAjAr racham, rakh´-am; from 7355; compassion (in the plural); by extension, the womb (as cherishing the fetus); by implication, a maiden:
-bowels,
compassion, damsel, tender love, (great, tender) mercy, pity, womb.
                                                                   
 [occurs 2 times]

GREEK TERMS:

1653. ejlee÷w eleeo, el-eh-eh´-o; from 1656; to compassionate (by word or deed, specially, by divine grace): 
have compassion (pity on), have (obtain, receive, shew) mercy (on).
                                                                     
[occurs 1 time]


CONCLUSIONS:

Generally, the terms translated as pity should more properly be translated as compassion (with its variations.) 

There is little Scriptural support for the concept of pity outside of the context of compassion.

By definition, the two terms are synonymous. 
For the sake of consistency in translation the use of
compassion makes more sense.

If you’d like to see a complete listing of the verses where pity occurs click this link: Pity PDF File. 
This document contains the corrected text where these terms occur, thus providing more consistency of the text, 
and less
confusion.

Please take time to review the other pages on the site.
There is a great deal of important information contained within those pages.


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May YAHWEH speak to your heart and bless you with understanding as you explore His Word.