Trumpets In Scripture

As The Trumpet Sounds

Behold, I tell you a mystery.
We will not all sleep (die),
but we will
all be made different, 
in an instant,
in the blink of an eye 
at the last trumpet.
the trumpet will sound,
and the dead 
will be raised incorruptible,
and we who are alive
will be made different.

1 Corinthians 15.51-52 

I'll just bet that you don't give much thought to trumpets. Not many do. But this is a subject to which more attention should be given. It's of very special importance in The Word of YAHWEH (God).

- Trumpets served many functions in Scripture.
- Do you know what they were?
- Do you understand why they were so important?
 - Isn't it time you found out?

Listed below are the Scrpture words that are used in relation to trumpets. Each of them has a specific focus. Beneath them are some of the places where the terms are used. Look up the surrounding verses in order to discover the context in which these references occur. Without the context it's often difficult to fully comprehend the meanings and the significance of what's involved. 

There were two types of "trumpets". There were silver trumpets used for the sanctuary. And there were the ram's horns, also used in various ways for religious purposes. There were different types of "blasts", or "soundings", specified for different purposes. To research

those, and their meanings, you'll need to look a bit further than Scripture itself. Some of those details are quite fascinating.

Because there are several terms used this can get a bit confusing to us. In the day of these Scriptures people knew the differences between the trumpets and which one was used for what occasion. Thus, they didn't make a clear distinction in the text as to which one was being used. That would have been most helpful for us today, since we don't have that degree of familiarity with these processes.

May you be enriched as you grasp a new appreciation for "trumpets" (or horns) and how they were used. There is a time coming - yet in the future - when a very special trumpet sound will occur. Do you know what it is? Read on. 

From The Old Covenant

3104. lEbwøy yowbel, yo-bale ́; or lEbyú yobel, yob-ale ́; apparently from 2986; the blast of a horn (from its continuous sound); specifically, the signal of the silver trumpets; hence, the instrument itself and the festival thus introduced:
— jubile, ram’s horn, trumpet.

2986. lAby yabal, yaw-bal ́; a primitive root; properly, to flow; causatively, to bring (especially with pomp): —bring (forth), carry, lead (forth).

NOTE: In Strong’s Definitions everything after the (:—) is a word that was used to “translate” the term within the King James Version of The Bible. it is not part of the definition.

Ex. 19:13: He is not to touch it with his hand because he will be stoned,
stoned or shot, shot! 
Whether animal or human being it will not live. 
At the drawing out of the trumpet sound 
they may go up on the mountain.” 
    (At the giving of
The Torah at Sinai.)

Lev. 25:10-13: And you are to set apart את ,the year itself
the fiftieth year! 
And you are to proclaim freedom in the land 
for the sake of all its inhabitants. 
It is to be a horn blast for you. 
And you are to return, each man to his possession.
And each man is to return to his family.

yowbel, or yobel - the blast of a horn. Tradition translates this as "Jubilee". That's a transliteration of the word, not a translation of it. Thus we've been given "The Year of Jubilee”. It should be translated, more properly, as "The Year of The Horn Blast."

Now a distinction was indeed needed because Yom Teruah (The Day of The Trumpet) is held once every year, at this very same time of the year. The Year of The Yobel needs to be distinguished from this.

But there's something else we need to identify. The blast of the horn was heard by The Yisra'elites at Mount Sinai when YAHWEH spoke The Torah to them. There was a lound "noise", like a rushing wind (horn blast?) at Shavuot (Pentecost). And there will be a loud horn blast sounded at the return of The Messiah. Each of these events proclaims a "freedom" of some sort.

25:11 A horn blast year the fiftieth year is to be for you.
You are not to sow.
And you are not to cut down what grows on its own  
 And you are not to gather its consecrated vines themselves  את
25:12 because it is a horn blast. 
It is to be set apart for you. 
From the field you are to eat of its produce it
self  את 
25:13 In this Year of The Horn Blast 
you are to return, each man to his possession.

Joshua 6:4 And seven priests are to carry seven ram's horns before The Chest.
And on the seventh day you are to encircle the city itself  
את seven times.
And the priests are to sound the ram's horns. 
6.5 And it will be at a prolonged sounding on the ram’s horn
at your hearing  the sound itself  את of the ram's horn
all the people are to shout 
a great noise. 
And the wall of the city will fall down flat
And the people are to go up, each man straight before him.” 
6.6 And Yahoshua, son of Nun, 
called for the priests.  
And he said to them,  
Lift up The Chest of The Covenant itself“ את
And seven priests are to carry seven
ram's horns 
for sounding blasts before The Chest of YAHWEH.”

Josh. 6.7 And he said to the people,
“Pass over and encircle the city itself  
And the armed ones 
are to pass over before The Chest of YAHWEH.” 
6.8 And it was as Yahoshua had spoken to the people. 
And the seven priests 
carrying the seven rams’ horns 
for sounding the blasts before YAHWEH passed over. 
And they sounded with the ram's horns.
 And The Chest of The Covenant of
YAHWEH came behind them.

Joshua 6.13 And the seven priests carrying seven ram's horns
for sounding before The Chest of YAHWEH were walking, walking. 
And they sounded with the
ram's horns.
 And the armed men walked before them.
 And the gathering walked behind 
The Chest of YAHWEH 
walking and sounding on the ram's horns. (S4S Version)

7782. rDpwøv showphar, sho-far ́; or rDpOv shophar, sho-far ́; from 8231 in the original sense of incising; a cornet (as giving a clear sound) or curved horn
—cornet, trumpet.

8231. rApÎv shaphar, shaw-far ́; a primitive root; to glisten, i.e. (figuratively) be (causatively, make) fair:
—x goodly.

Ex. 19:16: And it was on the third day, in the morning. 
And there were loud sounds and lightnings, and a heavy cloud over the mountain.
And the sound of the
ram’s horn was exceedingly loud. 
And all the people who were in the camp shuddered with terror.

Ex. 19:19: And the sound of the ram’s horn was continuing.
And it was exceedingly powerful.
Moshe spoke.
And The Elohim responded to him with a voice. 
Ex. 20:18: And all the people saw the sounds themselves את
the lightning flashes themselves את,
the sound of the ram’s horn
itself את 
and the mountain itself smoking. את 
And the people saw and they trembled and stood at a distance.

Lev. 25:9: And you are to pass over a shofar blast. in the seventh new moon,
on the tenth after the new moon,
on The Day of Atonement 
you are to pass over a shofar
blast in all your land.

'abar - to cross over; used very widely of any transition.
"Pass over" has been used because of its extreme significance in Scripture.
The shofar, a ram's horn, was to be blown so that it "passed over" the entire land.
When connected to The Day of Atonement it symbolizes the passing over of our
sin debt
YAHWEH would accomplish much later in sending The Messiah to earth.

Josh. 6:16: And it was at the seventh time.
The priests sounded on the
ram's horns.
And Yahoshua said to the people, “Shout, 
because YAHWEH has given to you the city itself את

Josh. 6:20: And the people shouted.
And they sounded on the
ram's horns.
And it was at hearing the sound of the
ram's horn.
And the people shouted a great shout.
And the wall fell down flat! 
And the people went up into the city, each man straight before him. 
And they captured 
the city itself! את

Judg. 3:27: And it was as he was coming. And he blew the shofar
in the mountains of Ephraim.
And the children of Yisra’el went down with him from the mountains.
And he was in front of them.

Judg. 6:34: And the Divine Nature of YAHWEH
clothed Gid'on himself  את
And he blew the shofar.
And the Abi'ezerites gathered behind him.

Judg. 7:8: And the people took food itself in their hands
and their shofars
themselves את
And all the rest of Yisra'el itself  את he sent away, 
each man to his tent. 
And with three hundred men he was strengthened.

Judg. 7:16: And he split the three hundred men themselves את
to three leaders. 
And he gave
a shofar into the hands of all of them
and empty jars and torches within the jars.

Judg. 7:18-22: And I will blow on the shofar,
I and all who are with me myself  את
And you are to blow on the shofar also,
yourselvesאת all round the entire camp.
And you are to say, 
YAHWEH and for Gid'on!’ ” 
7.19 And Gid’on and the hundred men who were with he
himself את 
came to the edge of the encampment at the beginning of the middle watch.
The new watch itself את had just stood up. 
And they blew on
the shofars 
and broke the jars that were in their hands. 
7.20 And the three companies blew on
the shofars.
And they broke the jars.
And they held the torches in their left hands 
and in their right hands 
the shofars for blowing. 
And they called out, 
YAHWEH and for Gid'on!” 
7.21 And each stood in his place all around the encampment. 
And all the encampment ran. 
And they cried out.
And they fled. 
7.22 And the three hundred blew
the shofars
YAHWEH placed the sword itself את of each one 
against his companion and all the encampment. 
And the encampment fled to Bet Shitta, toward Tzererat, 
as far as the border of Abel Meholah, beside Tabbat. 

1Sam. 13:3: And Yahonathan struck the garrison of the Philistines itself  את
that was at Geba.
And the Philistines heard. 
And Sha’ul blew
the shofar in all the land saying, 
“Let the Hebrews listen attentively!”

2 Sam. 2:28:  Yo’ab then blew a shofar
And all the people stood. 
And they did not pursue Yisra'el any longer. 
And they did not fight any more.

2 Sam. 6:15:  And David and all the house of Yisra'el brought up 
The Chest of YAHWEH itself את with shouting 
and with the sound of the shofar.

2 Sam. 15:10:  And Abshalom sent spies 
into all the tribes of Yisra'el saying, 
“As you hear the sound itself את of the shofar 
then you are to say, 
‘Abshalom has become king at Hebron!’ ”

2 Sam. 18:16:  And Yo’ab blew with a shofar. 
And the people returned from pursuing after Yisrael 
because Yo’ab restrained the people themselves.

2 Sam. 20:1:  And a man of worthlessness was there. 
And his name was Sheba, son of Bikri, a Binyamite. 
And he blew on a shofar
And he said, 
“None of us have an allotment with David, nor an inheritance 
in the son of Yishai! 
Every man to his tents, Yisra'el!”

2 Sam. 20:22:  And the woman went in her wisdom to all the people. 
And they cut off the head itself את of Sheba, son of Bikri
And they threw it down to Yo’ab. 
And he blew with a shofar
And they dispersed from the city, each man to his tent. 
And Yo’ab returned to Yerushalaim, to the king.

1Kings 1:34: And let Tzadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him there king over Yisra’el: and you blow with the trumpet, and say, YAHWEH save King Shelomoh.

1Kings 1:39: And Tzadok the priest took a horn of oil out of the tabernacle, and anointed Shelomoh. And they blew the trumpet; and all the people said, YAHWEH save King Shelomoh.

1Kings 1:41: And Adoniyah and all the guests that were with him heard it as they had made an end of eating. And when Yo’ab heard the sound of the trumpet, he said, Wherefore is this noise of the city being in an uproar?

2Kings 9:13And they hurried. 
And each man took his garment. 
And placed it under him at the top of the steps. 
And they blew on a
shofars saying, “Yahu reigns!”

1Chr. 15:28: Thus all Israel brought up The Chest of The Covenant of YAHWEH with shouting,
and with sound of the cornet, and with trumpets, and with cymbals, making a noise with psalteries and harps.

2Chr. 15:14: And they swore unto YAHWEH with a loud voice, and with shouting, and with trumpets, and with coronets.
Neh. 4:18: For the builders, every one had his sword girded by his side, and so built.
And he that sounded the trumpet
was by me.

Neh. 4:20: In whatever place therefore you hear the sound of the trumpet, resort there to us: our Elohim will fight for us.

Job 39:24-25:   With fierceness and rage
he swallows the ground.
And he is not to be trusted when the
shofar sounds.
25 As often as the
shofar sounds
he says, ‘Aha!’
And from afar he senses the battle,
the thunder of the captains
and the shout of alarm.
(This passage refers to a horse.)

Psa. 47:5:  The Elohim will ascend with a shout,
YAHWEH with the sound of a shofar.

Psa. 81:3:  Blow with the shofar
the time of the New Moon,
at the full moon,
for the sake of our festival day!

Psa. 98:6With trumpets and the sound of a shofar
sound a blast before the face of The King,

Psa. 150:3:   Praise Him with the blast of the shofar!
Praise Him with the harp and lyre!

Is. 18:3: All inhabiting the world 
and settled securely on the land,
as a signal is lifted up on the mountains you are to look 
and at the blowing of a shofar you are to listen attentively

Is. 27:13 And there will be on that day 
a blast on a great shofar
And those perishing in the land of Ashshur 
and the outcasts in the land of Egypt will come. 
And they will worship
on the set apart mountain at Yerushalaim!

Is. 58:1:  Call out from the throat! 
Do not hold back! 
Lift up your voice like a shofar 
and declare to My people their rebellion 
and to the house of Ya'akob their offenses!

Jer. 4:5:  Declare it in Yahudah! 
And cause it to be heard in Yerushalaim! 
And say, “Blow the shofar in the land! 
Cry out fully and say, ‘Assemble! 
And we will go to the fortified cities!’

Jer. 4:19:  My inward parts! My inward parts! 
I am in writhing in pain! 
The walls of my heart, my heart is roaring within me! 
I am not silent 
because my life has heard
 the sound of the shofar, 
the alarm of battle!

Jer. 4:21: Until when will I see a banner, and hear the sound of the shofar?

Jer. 6:1:  “Seek refuge, children of Binyamin,
out of the midst of Yerushalaim! 
Blow the shofar in Tekoa 
and set up a signal fire in Bet Hakerem 
for harm has been seen from the north, 
even great destruction!

Jer. 6:17:  And I established watchmen over you. 
And I said, ‘Pay attention to the sound of the shofar!’ 
But they said, ‘We will not pay attention.’

Jer. 42:14:  saying, ‘No! 
Indeed, we are going to the land of Egypt 
where we will not see fighting, 
nor hear the sound of the shofar
nor hunger for the sake of food! 
And there we will dwell!’

Jer. 51:27:  Lift up a banner in the land! 
Blow the shofar among the nations! 
Consecrate the nations against her! 
Summon against her the kingdoms of 
Ararat, Minni, and Ashkenaz! 
Appoint a commander against her! 
Cause horses to go up like bristling locusts!

Ezek. 33:3-6: If when he sees the sword come upon the land,
he blows the trumpet,
and warns the people
4 then whoever hears the sound of the trumpet,
and takes no warning;
if the sword comes, and takes him away,
his blood will be upon his own head.

5 He heard the sound of the trumpet, and took no warning;
his blood will be upon him.
But he that takes warning will deliver his nature.
6 But if the watchman sees the sword come, and blows not the trumpet,
and the people be not warned;
if the sword comes, and takes
any person from among them,
he is taken away in his iniquity;
but his blood will I require at the watchman’s hand.

Hos. 5:8Blow the shofar in Gib‛ah, the trumpet in Ramah! 
Shout, Bet Aven!
Behind you, Binyamin!

Hos. 8:1: To your mouth with the shofar
be like an bird of prey over the House of YAHWEH 
because they have passed over My covenant
and they have
rebelled against My Torah!

Joel 2:1 Blow a shofar in Tziyon! 
And sound an alarm on My set apart mountain! 
Let all those dwelling on the earth tremble, 
because The Day of YAHWEH is coming! 
Indeed, it is near!

Joel 2:15:   Blow a shofar in Tzion! 
Consecrate a fast! 
Call an assembly! 
Blow a shofar in Tziyon!

Amos 2:2And I will send fire on Mo’ab! 
And it will consume the fortresses of Kerioth! 
And Mo’ab will be put to death 
amid tumult, amid shouting, and amid the sound of a shofar!

Amos 3:6: If a shofar is blown in a city are the people not frightened? 
If there disaster exists in a city has
YAHWEH not done it?

Zeph. 1:16a day of shofar and alarm 
over the walled cities and over the corner towers!

Zech. 9:14: And YAHWEH will be seen over them,
and His arrow will go forth as the lightning:
YAHWEH Elohim will blow the trumpet,
and will go with whirlwinds of the south.

2689. h∂rVxOxSj chatsotsrah, khats-o-tser-aw ́; by reduplication from 2690; a trumpet (from its sundered or quavering note): —trumpet(-er).

2690. rAxDj chatsar, khaw-tsar ́; a primitive root; properly, to surround with a stockade, and thus separate from the open country; but used only in the reduplicated form.

Num. 10:2: Make for yourself two trumpets of silver;
of a whole piece you are to make them
that you may
use them for the calling of the assembly,
and for the journeying of the camps.

Num. 10:8 : And the sons of Aharon, the priests,
shall blow with the trumpets;
and they will be to you for an ordinance for ever throughout your generations.

Num. 10:9: And if you go to war in your land
against the enemy that oppresses you,
then you will blow an alarm with the trumpets
and you will be remembered before
YAHWEH, your Elohim,
and you will be delivered from your enemies.

Num. 10:10: Also in the day of your gladness,
and in your solemn days,
and in the beginnings of your months
you are to blow with the trumpets
over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings
that they may be to you as a memorial before your Elohim.
I am
YAHWEH, your Elohim.

Num. 31:6: And Moshe sent them to the war, a thousand of every tribe,
them and Phinehas the son of El’azar the priest, to the
war, with the holy instruments, and the trumpets to blow in his hand.

2Kings 11:14And she looked.And behold! 
The king was standing beside the pillar according to regulation. 
And the leaders and the trumpeters were beside the king.
And all the people of the land rejoiced. 
And the blew on
And Athalyah tore her garments themselves את
And she cried out, “Treason! Treason!”

2Kings 12:13However there were not made 
for the House of
YAHWEH basins of silver, snuffers,
sprinkling bowls,
trumpets, any objects of gold, or objects of silver,
from the silver that was brought into the House of

1Chr. 13:8: And David and all Israel played before YAHWEH with all their might,
and with singing, and with harps, and with psalteries, and with timbrels, and with cymbals, and with trumpets.

1Chr. 15:24: And Shebaniah, and Jehoshaphat, and Nethaneel, and Amasai, and Zechariah, and Benaiah, and Eliezer, the priests, did blow with the trumpets before The Chest of YAHWEH: and Obededom and Yehiah were doorkeepers for the ark.

1Chr. 15:28: Thus all Yisra’el brought up The Chest of the Covenant of YAHWEH with shouting, and with sound of the coronet, and with trumpets, and with cymbals, making a noise with psalteries and harps.

1Chr. 16:6: Benaiah also and Yahazi’el the priests with trumpets continually before The Chest of the covenant of YAHWEH.

1Chr. 16:42: And with them Heman and Yeduthun with trumpets and cymbals for those that should make a sound, and with
musical instruments of
YAHWEH. And the sons of Yeduthun were porters.

2Chr. 5:12-13: Also the Levites, the singers, all of them of Asaph, of Heman, of Yeduthun, with their sons and their brothers, being arrayed in white linen, having cymbals and psalteries and harps, stood at the east end of the slaughter stie, and with them an hundred and twenty priests sounding with trumpets: 13 It came even to pass, as the trumpeters and singers were as one, to make one sound to be heard in praising and thanking YAHWEH; and when they lifted up their voice with the trumpets and cymbals and instruments of music, and praised YAHWEH, saying, For He is good; for His mercy is for ever: that the house was filled with a cloud, even the house of YAHWEH;

2Chr. 13:12: And, behold, YAHWEH Himself is with us as captain, and His priests with sounding trumpets to cry alarm against you. O children of Yisra’el, fight not against YAHWEH, The Elohim of your fathers; for you will not prosper.

2Chr. 13:14: And when Yahudah (Judah) looked back, behold, the battle was before and behind: and they cried unto YAHWEH, and the priests sounded with the trumpets.

2Chr. 15:14: And they swore unto YAHWEH with a loud voice, and with shouting, and with trumpets, and with coronets. 

2Chr. 20:28: And they came to Jerusalem with psalteries and harps and trumpets to the house of YAHWEH.

2Chr. 29:26: And the Levites stood with the instruments of David, and the priests with the trumpets.

2Chr. 29:27-28: And Hezekiah commanded to offer the burnt offering upon the altar. And when the burnt offering began, the song of YAHWEH began with the trumpets, and with the instruments ordained by David king of Israel. 28 And all the congregation worshipped, and the singers sang, and the trumpeters sounded: and all this continued until the burnt offering was finished.

Ezra 3:10: And when the builders laid the foundation of the Temple of YAHWEH, they set the priests in their apparel with trumpets, and the Levites the sons of Asaph with cymbals, to praise YAHWEH, after the ordinance of David king of Yisra’el.

Neh. 12:35: And certain of the priests’ sons with trumpets; namely, Zechariah the son of Yonathan, the son of Shemaiah, the son of Mattaniah, the son of Michaiah, the son of Zaccur, the son of Asaph:

Neh. 12:41: And the priests; Eliakim, Maaseiah, Miniamin, Michaiah, Elioenai, Zechariah, and Hananiah, with trumpets

Psa. 98:6: With trumpets and sound of coronet make a joyful noise before YAHWEH, The King.

Hos. 5:8: Blow the coronet in Gibeah, and the trumpet in Ramah: cry aloud at Bethaven, after you, O Binyamin.

From The New Covenant

Below are The New Covenant passages containing the word" trumpet". Since The New Covenant has come to us mainly from the Greek copies of it we must consider that these verses apply just as if they were The Old Covenant terms. Unfortunately, you'll have to try to discern from the surrounding text which Old Covenant term to use. There is little to tell us other than historical uses.

4537. salpi÷zw salpizo, sal-pid ́-zo; from 4536; to trumpet, i.e. sound a blast (literally or figuratively):

— (which are yet to) sound (a trumpet).

4536. sa¿lpigx salpigx, sal ́-pinx; perhaps from 4535 (through the idea of quavering or reverberation); a trumpet:
— trump(-et).

4535. sa¿loß salos, sal ́-os; probably from the base of 4525; a vibration, i.e. (specially), billow:
— wave.
salpizo, sal-pid ́-zo; from 4536; to trumpet, i.e. sound a blast (literally or figuratively): — (which are yet to) sound (a trumpet).

Matt. 6:2: Therefore, when you do a charitable deed do not sound a trumpet blast in front of you exactly like the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets so that they might be honored by human beings. Assuredly I say to you, they have their compensation.

Matt. 24:31: And He will send out His messengers with a great sound of a trumpet. And they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of Heaven to the other.

1Cor. 14:8: Indeed, if the battle trumpet makes an uncertain sound who will prepare for battle?
1Cor. 15:52: in an instant, in the blink of an eye at the last trumpet. Indeed, the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised
incorruptible, and we who are alive will be made different.

Heb. 12:19: or the blast of a trumpet or the sound of speech, so that those who heard begged that The Word should not be presented further to them,

The Book of Revelation has a number of references to trumpets. Each of them has its unique significance. It's a study in itself. Rev. 1:10: I was in the nature on YAHWEH’s Day, and heard behind me a loud voice like a trumpet,

Rev. 4:1: After these things I looked. And behold! A door was standing open in The Heaven. And the first voice which I heard was like a trumpet speaking with me, saying, “Come up here and I will show you what must take place after these things!”

Rev. 8:13: And I observed. And I heard one messenger flying in the midst of the sky, saying with a loud voice, “Woe, woe, woe to those who reside upon the earth, because of the remaining sounds of the trumpet of the three messengers who are about to sound a blast!”

Rev. 9:14: saying to the sixth messenger who had the trumpet, “Release the four messengers who are bound at the great river Euphrates.”

Perhaps now you'll have a new appreciation for a trumpet sound when you hear one. They're great instruments for musical enjoyment. And Scripturally they were among the more important instruments used.

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