Grace

Grace is a very common word in religious circles. It's used often in the King James Version of The Bible (and many other translations as well) as the "translation" of several different Hebrew and Greek terms. However, upon careful examination of those terms one discovers some very noteworthy things about "grace”.

Please review the following information carefully, and prayerfully. Ask YAHWEH to teach you His Truth. He'll reveal to you 
what He wants you to understand if you permit Him to do so. 

The primary goal of this study, and others like it that are being prepared, is to help eliminate confusion within The Scriptures. 
The current state of affairs has left us with innumerable “translations”  that are not really "translations" at all. Instead, they are
misleading presentations of some of the "traditions of men".

There's a special term for this. It's called eisegesis. It means placing one's own ideas into a text to make it conform to one's own world view or belief system. Exegesis, on the other hand, is seeking to discover what the text actually says, and means.

In the following word study these conventions will be used: 
Bold = best translation 
{ } = Writer's insertions for purposes of clarity. 

HEBREW TERMS:

Each of the following five terms
comes from the same root, #2603.

2580. NEj chen, khane; from 2603; graciousness, i.e. subjective (kindness, favor) or objective (beauty): 
favour, grace(-ious), pleasant, precious, (well-)favoured.
                                                                     
[occurs 40 times]

2587. N…w…nAj channuwn, khan-noon´; from 2603; gracious:  {Best: showing favor
—gracious.                                                    
[occurs 13 times] 

2589. twø…nAj channowth, khan-noth´; from 2603 (in the sense of prayer); supplication
—be gracious, intreated.                                
[occurs 1 time] 

2603. NÅnDj chanan, khaw-nan´; a primitive root (compare 2583); properly, to bend or stoop in kindness to an inferior; to favor, bestow; causatively to implore (i.e. move to favor by petition)
—beseech, x fair,
(be, find, show) favour(-able), be (deal, give, grant (gracious(-ly), intreat, (be) merciful, have (show) mercy (on, upon), have pity upon, pray, make supplication, x very.                                       [occurs 14 times] 
8467. h…ÎnIj;Vt tchinnah, tekh-in-naw´; from 2603; graciousness; causatively, entreaty{Best: showing favor}  
favour, grace, supplication.                         [occurs 1 time] 

The following term, 2896, is understood in the light of 2895.
2896 occurs only once as “graciously”.
2895 is not “translated” using grace as a concept. 

2896. bwøf towb, tobe; from 2895; good (as an adjective) in the widest sense; used likewise as a noun, both in the masculine and the feminine, the singular and the plural (good, a good or good thing, a good man or woman; the good, goods or good things, good men or women), also as an adverb (well): 
—beautiful, best, better, bountiful, cheerful, at ease, x fair (word), (be in) favour, fine, glad, good (deed, -lier, -liest, -ly, -ness, -s), graciously, joyful, kindly, kindness, liketh (best), loving, merry, x most, pleasant, + pleaseth, pleasure, precious, prosperity, ready, sweet, wealth, welfare, (be) well ((-favoured)).
                                                                       
[occurs 1 time] 
2895. bwøf towb, tobe; a primitive root, to be (transitively, do or make) good (or well) in the widest sense: —be (do) better, cheer, be (do, seem) good, (make) goodly, x please, (be, do, go, play) well. 
{These look to be identical words. How does one make a distinction between them? Why, then, are there two words, one classed as a "primitive root" and the other "used as a noun"? It's simply the same word used as either a verb or noun, or even an adjective or adverb. 

Also,
towb represents that which is good, both in thought and in action. It's been "translated" as "graciously" and "favor", along with many other terms. The number of times it's been used as "grace" is not shown here. 

As you look at the number of words used to "translate" this single Hebrew term does it now make you wonder - "WHY?" Most of them are "nuances" of
good. But even "nuance" is not a Hebrew term or concept. To the Hebrew mind everything was always in balance. Good was balanced by not good, what we term bad. And a nuance is only a slight variation on the original concept. So why not simply use good and eliminate all the deception of the nuances?

This is where much confusion enters into our so-called “translations”.

GREEK TERMS:

2143. eujpre÷peia euprepeia, yoo-prep´-i-ah; from a compound of 2095 and 4241; good, suitableness, i.e. gracefulness:  {Best: properly, good} 
— grace.                                                         [occurs 1 time] 

2095. eu\ eu, yoo; neuter of a primary eu\ß eus (good); (adverbially) well
— good, well (done). 
4241.
pre÷pw prepo, prep´-o; apparently a primary verb; to tower up (be conspicuous), i.e. (by implication) to be suitable or proper (third person singular present indicative, often used impersonally, it is fit or right): 
— become, comely.
{2095 & 4241 are included to show the  meaning of 2143.

5485. ca¿riß charis, khar´-ece; from 5463; graciousness (as gratifying), of manner or act (abstract or concrete; literal, figurative or spiritual; especially the divine influence upon the heart, and its reflection in the life; including gratitude):
{Note: This is a theological position that is not supported by the essence of the terms.} 
{Best: favorableness, i.e. the state of being in favor} 
— acceptable, benefit, favour, gift, grace(- ious), joy, liberality, pleasure, thank(-s, -worthy).                                                                     [occurs 131 times] 

5463. cai÷rw chairo, khah´-ee-ro; a primary verb; to be “cheer”ful, i.e. calmly happy or well-off; impersonally, especially as salutation (on meeting or parting), be well: 
— farewell, be glad, God speed, greeting, hall, joy(- fully), rejoice.
{5463 is given to show the source of the meaning of 5485.

5543. crhsto/ß chrestos, khrase-tos´; from 5530; employed, i.e. (by implication) useful (in manner or morals): 
— better, easy, good(-ness), gracious, kind.    
[occurs 1 time]
{
Should not be used as "gracious" or "kind”.}

5530. cra¿omai chraomai, khrah´-om-ahee; middle voice of a primary verb (perhaps rather from 5495, to handle); to furnish what is needed; (give an oracle, “graze” (touch slightly), light upon, etc.), i.e. (by implication) to employ or (by extension) to act towards one in a given manner
— entreat, use. Compare 5531; 5534.
{5530 is given to show the source of the meaning for 5543.

As can be seen by reviewing the above information
there is really only one primary term used for "grace” 
in Hebrew and in Greek.

The Hebrew term is chen and its related terms 
- 2580, 2587, 2589, and 2603, and 8467 which occur a total of 
69 times

Chen means to bend or stoop in kindness to an inferior; to favor, bestow; causatively to implore (i.e. move to favor by petition). 

The Greek term is charis - 5485, which occurs 131 times

Charis means graciousness (as gratifying), of manner or act
Charis plainly carries the concept of
showing favor.
It is the term used to translate
chen into the Greek language.

ENGLISH DEFINITIONS:

GRACE
1. beauty or charm of form, composition, movement or expression 
2. an attractive quality, feature, manner, etc. 
3. a sense of what is right and proper; decency 
4. a) disposition to grant something freely; favor; good will 
    b) the condition of fact of being favored  
    c) a favor or privilege 
5. ; clemency 
6. a period of time beyond the date set for the performance of an act or 
    payment of an obligation 
7. 
favor shown by granting such a delay 

8. a short prayer in which blessing is asked, or thanks given for a meal 
9. a title of respect or reverence used in speaking to or of an archbishop, duke, or 
    duchess 
10. in music, one of more grace notes 
11. in theology: 
      a) the unmerited love and of God toward man 
      b) divine influence acting in man to make him pure and morally strong 
      c) the condition of a person thus influenced 

Now, which "definition" of grace are you going to use? 
And why is it that we have so many different “definitions” of one basic word? 
Should there not be separate words for most of these things? 

Indeed, are there not already separate words, or terms, for them that one should use instead of "grace”? 
No wonder many people claim that English is one of the most difficult languages in the world to learn.

FAVOR: 
friendly or kind regard; approval; liking 
1.2. a) kind indulgence; permission; leave 
    b) too kind indulgence; unfair, partiality 
3. help; assistance 
a kind, obliging, friendly, or generous act 
4. 5. consent (of a woman) to sexual intimacy 
6. a small gift, souvenir, or token 
7. a letter; note; communication 
8. attractiveness; charm 
verb transitive: 
to regard with favor; consider kindly; approve; like 
1. 2. to be indulgent or too indulgent toward; be partial to; prefer unfairly 
3. to support; advocate; be forto make easier; help; assist 
; endorse 
4. 5. to do a kindness for 
6. to look like; resemble in facial features 
7. to use gently 

Scripturally, grace is favor shown to another
This is particularly true within the Hebrew terms. The Greek terms tend to confuse it with some form of "
kindness", or "being happy", "well-off”.  These are related to being or doing what is "good”. And each of these involve "showing favor to another”. 
For the sake of consistency and clarity of the text what is presented as “grace” should properly be translated as “favor”.

For a thorough review of the verses where these terms occur in Scripture please click on this link: Grace PDF File.
This will allow you to review how these passages would appear in the text with the changes made to correct what we typically have been given.

Be sure to review the other word studies that are being prepared under the Scripture Studies section of the site.


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