Power - Terms 2

Hebrew Terms

There are three parts to this study. Two cover the Hebrew terms and one covers the Greek terms. You'll want to look at all three. Here are the links to the three parts:

  - Power - Part 1 - Hebrew
Power - Part 2 - Hebrew
  - Power - Part 3 - Greek

Each of the parts presents the original language word as given by Strong's Concordance. I have also included the words from which the term was derived so you can see how the meaning was determined. There are special insights to be gained from many of the root words, so please don't overlook them.

Please remember that everything after the (:--) in Strong's definitions is a word by which the term is actually translated in the King James Version. it is not part of the definition.

H3027 –yad – used 1663 times

3027. dÎy  yad, yawd; a primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from 3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote (as follows):
—(+ be) able, x about, + armholes, at, axletree, because of, beside, border, x bounty, + broad, (broken-)handed, x by, charge, coast, + consecrate, + creditor, custody, debt, dominion, x enough, + fellowship, force, x from, hand(-staves, -y work), x he, himself, x in, labour, + large, ledge, (left-)handed, means, x mine, ministry, near, x of, x order, ordinance, x our, parts, pain, power, x presumptuously, service, side, sore, state, stay, draw with strength, stroke, + swear, terror, x thee, x by them, x themselves, x thine own, x thou, through, x throwing, + thumb, times, x to, x under, x us, x wait on, (way-)side, where, + wide, x with (him, me, you), work, + yield, x yourselves.

Because of the extremely common usage no examples are provided.

H3201 – yakol – used 200 times

3201. lOkÎy  yakol, yaw-kole´; or (fuller) lwøkÎy  yakowl, yaw-kole´; a primitive root; to be able, literally (can, could) or morally (may, might):
—be able, any at all (ways), attain, can (away with, (-not)), could, endure, might, overcome, have power, prevail, still, suffer.

Gen. 13:16  And I am establishing your seed itself את
like the dust of the land, 
so that, if a man 
is able to count the dust itself את of the land
so also may your seed be counted.

Genesis 29:8:   But they said, 
are not able to until all the flocks are gathered 
and they have rolled 
the stone itself את from the mouth of the well. 
Then we water the sheep.” 

Genesis 30:8 And Rachel said, 
“The wrestlings of The Elohim. 
I have wrestled with my sister and I have indeed
And she called his name Naphtali. 

Genesis 32:25 :And he saw that he did not prevail against him. 
And he struck him in the hollow of his thigh 
and dislocated the hollow of of Ya'akob’s hip 
as he wrestled with him. 

Genesis 32:28:  And he said, 
“Your name will no longer be called Yaakob, 
but instead, Yisra’el
because you have prevailed with an elohim and with men,

Genesis 44:22:  And we said to my master, 
‘The young man is
not able to leave his father himself. את
Were he to leave his father himself את will die.'

Exodus 9:11: And the diviners were not able to stand 
before the face of Moshe because there were boils, 
on the diviners and on all the Egyptians.

Exodus 18:18Wear out, you will wear out, 
both you yourself
 את and these people who are with you 
because the matter is too heavy for you. 
You are
not able to do it by yourself.

Exodus 18:23:  If you will do this word itself את
and The Elohim directs you, then you will be able to stand. 
And also, each of these people 
will go to their place in peace.”

Exodus 33:20:  However, He said, 
“You are not able to see My face itselfאת
because no human being can see Me and live.”

Exodus 40:35: And Moshe was not able to go into The Tent of Appointment 
because the cloud settled on it, 
and the splendor of
YAHWEH filled The Dwelling Place itself. את

Numbers 11:14I am not able by myself to carry 
this entire people itself  את
because it is too heavy for me! 

Numbers 13:30But Caleb hushed the people themselves את before Moshe. 
And he said, "Go up! 
Go up and possess 
it itselfאת
Indeed, we are able
We are able to do it!"

Numbers 22:6:  And now please go curse for me this people itself את
because it is more mighty than me! 
Perhaps I will be
able to strike against it 
and drive it out from the land. 
Indeed I know 
that whomever you yourself bless את
is blessed, whomever you curse is cursed !"

Deuteronomy 1:9:  And I spoke to you at that time saying, 
‘I am not able to carry by myself 
you yourselvesאת

Joshua 7:12:  And the children of Yisra’el will not be able to stand 
before the face of their adversaries. 
They will turn their backs before the faces of their adversaries 
because they are devoted to destruction. 
I am no longer going to be with you 
if you do not destroy that which is devoted to destruction from your midst.

Joshua 17:12:  But the children of Menashe were not able to occupy 
those cities themselves את
And they permitted the Kenaanites to dwell in that land.

1 Samuel 6:20:  And the men of Bet Shemesh said, 
“Who is
able to stand before the face of YAHWEH, The Elohim, 
this set apart One? 
And to whom will He go up 
from upon us?” 

1 Samuel 17:9: If he is able to fight with me myself את
and he kills me then we will be your servants. 
But if I overcome him and kill him 
then you will be our servants. 
And you will serve us ourselves.” את

1 Samuel 26:25:  And Sha’ul said to David, 
“Blessed are you yourself
את  my son David! 
Also you will do, you will do. 
And you are
able, you are able!” 
And David went on his way. 
And Sha’ul returned to his place.

    The phrasing "You will do, you will do. And you are able, you are able!" is an odd phrasing. The double mention intends emphasis.
    That much is clear. But the intent of the words is not as clear. What's given is the literal terminology, but this is likely a Hebraism that is 
    not understood today.

2 Kings 16:5:  Then Retzin, King of Aram, 
and Pekah, son of Remalyahu, King of Yisrael, 
came up to Yerushalaim to battle. 
And they laid siege against Ahaz. 
But they were
not able to consume him.

Jeremiah 1:19:  And they will fight against you. 
But they will not
prevail against you 
because I Myself will be with you yourself
for the sake of delivering you!” 
- An utterance of

Jeremiah 5:22:  Will you yourselves  את not revere Me?’ 
- An utterance of YAHWEH
‘Will you not writhe in pain before My face, 
Who has placed the sand as the boundary for the sea, 
an eternal decree? 
And it does not pass over it. 
And it agitates violently. 
But it does not
And its waves roar but they do not pass over it.

Hosea 12:4He had power against the messenger
And he  prevailed
He wept and sought His favor. 
He found Him at Bet El. 
And there He spoke with us,

Jonah 1:13:  But the men rowed 
for the sake of bringing the ship to dry  land. 
But they
were not able 
because the sea was moving, 
and it was storming against them.

H4475 - memshala – used 17 times

4475. hDlÎvVmRm  memshalah, mem-shaw-law´; feminine of 4474; rule; also (concretely in plural) a realm or a ruler:
—dominion, government, power, to rule.

4474lÎvVmIm mimshal, mim-shawl´; from 4910; a ruler or (abstractly) rule:—dominion, that ruled.
lÅvDm mashal, maw-shal´; a primitive root; to rule:
—(have, make to have) dominion, governor, x indeed, reign, (bear, cause to, have) rule(-ing, -r), have power.

Genesis 1:16 And The Elohim made 
the two great lights themselves, את
the greater light itself את
to have dominion over the day, 
and the lesser light itself את
to have dominion over the night, 
and the stars themselvesאת

1 Kings 9:19:  and all the storage cities themselves את
that Shelomoh had, 
and cities for chariots themselves, את
and cities for horsemen themselvesאת
and the delight of Shelomoh himself את
that he desired to build in Yerushalaim, 
and in The Lebanon, 
and in all the land of his rule

Psalms 103:22:  Bless YAHWEH, all His works,
in all the places of His
Bless YAHWEH Himself את, my life!

Psalms 145:13:  Your kingdom is a kingdom 
for all of eternity!
And Your
dominion is in every generation,
every generation!

Isaiah 22:21:  And I will clothe him with your robe. 

And I will strengthen him with your belt. 
And I will give your
authority into his hand. 
And he will be a father to the inhabitants of Yerushalaim 
and to the house of Yahudah.

Jeremiah 34:1The word which existed toward Yirmyah 
YAHWEH Himself את
and Nebukadne'tzar, King of Babel, 
and all his forces, 
and all the kingdoms of the earth of the
dominion of his hand, 
and all the people were fighting against Yerushalaim 
and all its cities saying,

Daniel 11:5:  And the king of the south will be strong, and one of his princes;
and he will be strong above him, and have
dominion will be a great dominion.

Micah 4:8: And you, O tower of the flock, the strong hold of the daughter of Zion,
unto you will it come, even the first
the kingdom will come to the daughter of Jerusalem.

H4910 – mashal – used 89 times

4910. lÅvDm  mashal, maw-shal´; a primitive root; to rule:
—(have, make to have) dominion, governor, x indeed, reign, (bear, cause to, have) rule(-ing, -r), have power.

Genesis 3:16To the woman He said, 
“I increase, increase, your pain, also your pregnancy. 
With pain you will bring forth children. 
Yet your longing (sexual) will be for your man. 
And he will
have authority over you.”

Genesis 37:8:  And his brothers said to him, 
“Will you indeed reign over us? 
Will you indeed
have dominion over us?” 
And they hated he himself את even more 
because of his dreams 
and because of his words. 

Genesis 45:8: And now, it was not you that sent me myself here, את
but The Elohim. 
And He has appointed me as father to Pharaoh, 
and sovereign of all his house. 
And He has made me
ruler in all the land of Egypt. 

Genesis 45:26:  And they told him, saying, 
“Yoseph is still alive, and he is
governor over all the land of Egypt.” 

2 Samuel 23:3: The Elohim of Yisrael 
has said to me, The Rock of Yisra
el has spoken to me, 
ruling justly with men, 
ruling with reverence for The Elohim,

1 Kings 4:21:  And Shelomoh was ruling 
in all the kingdoms from The River
 to the land of the Philistines, 
and as far as the border of Egypt. 
They were bringing tribute. 
And they served Shelomoh himself 
all the days of his life. 

2 Chronicles 20:6:  And  he said, “YAHWEH, The Elohim of our fathers,
are not You Yourself את He, The Elohim in The Heavens?
And You Yourself
את are ruling
among all the kingdoms of the nations?
And in Your hand is
power and might.
And no one can stand himself against You?

Psalms 8:6:  You cause him to have dominion
concerning the works of Your hands.
You have placed everything under his feet,

Psalms 22:28: Indeed the kingdom belongs to YAHWEH!
And He is
ruling among the nations!

Psalms 66:7:   Who will be ruling in His power to eternity!
His eyes are on the nations,
keeping watch of the rebellious.
There will be no cause for them to exalt themselves!

Psalms 106:41:  And He gave them into the hand of the nations.
And those hating them
ruled among them.

Proverbs 12:24:  The hand of the diligent will rule.
But the lazy will be for forced labor.

Proverbs 22:7 The rich has dominion concerning the destitute.
And one borrowing is servant to the one lending.

The rich rules over the poor, and the borrower is slave to the lender.

Proverbs 29:2:  When the just are many the people rejoice.
But when the morally wrong rule the people groan.

Isaiah 40:10 Behold! The Sovereign YAHWEH is coming with a strong hand 
and His arm will
rule for Him. 
Behold! His compensation is with He Himself
and His wages are before His face.

Lamentations 5:8:  Slaves have ruled over us. 
No one is delivering
us from their hand.

Daniel 11:3:  And a mighty king will stand up
that will
rule with great dominion
and do according to his will.
4 And when he will stand up
his kingdom shall be broken
and will be divided toward the four winds of heaven;
and not to his posterity,
nor according to his dominion which he ruled:
for his kingdom will be plucked up,
even for others beside those.
5 And the king of the south will be strong,
and one of his princes;
and he will be strong above him and have dominion;
his dominion will be a great dominion.

Micah 5:2:  But you, Bethlehem Ephratah,
though you are little among the thousands of Yahudah,
yet out of you will He come forth to Me
who is to be
ruler in Israel;
whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.

H5794 – az – used 27 times

5794. zAo  {az, az; from 5810; strong, vehement, harsh:
—fierce, + greedy, mighty, power, roughly, strong.

5810. zÅzDo  {azaz, aw-zaz´; a primitive root; to be stout (literally or figuratively):
—harden, impudent, prevail, strengthen (self), be strong.

Genesis 49:7 Cursed be their anger because it was fierce
and their rage because it is cruel! 
I will divide them in Yaakob and scatter them in Yisra’el

Deuteronomy 28:50: a nation fierce of countenance 
which does no regard the elderly 
and does not show favor to the young!

Psalms 18:17:  He delivered me from my strong enemy, and from them which hated me: for they were too strong for me.

Psalms 59:3:  For, lo, they lie in wait for my life. The mighty are gathered against me; not for my transgression, nor for my sin, Oh YAHWEH.

Isaiah 19:4: And I will deliver over the Egyptians themselves את
into the hand of a cruel sovereign. 
And a
harsh king will rule over them.” 
- An utterance of Sovreign
YAHWEH of Assemblies -

Isaiah 25:3:  For this reason powerful people honor You. 
Cities of ruthless nations fear You

Isaiah 43:16Thus said YAHWEH
The One making a way in the sea, 
and a path through fierce waters,

Daniel 8:23:  And in the latter time of their kingdom,
when the transgressors are come to the full,
a king of
fierce countenance
and understanding dark sentences will stand up.

H5797 – oz, owz - used 99 times

5797. zOo  {oz, oze; or (fully) zwøo  {owz, oze; from 5810; strength in various applications (force, security, majesty, praise):
—boldness, loud, might, power, strength, strong. 
5810. zÅzDo  'azaz, aw-zaz´; a primitive root; to be stout (literally or figuratively):
—harden, impudent, prevail, strengthen (self), be strong.

Exodus 15:2 My strength and my might, YAH
And He is deliverance for me. 
This is my El, and I will dwell with Him, 
The Elohim of my father, and I will exalt Him. 

Leviticus 26:19:  And I will break your mighty arrogance itselfאת
And I will set your skies themselves את like iron 
and your land itself 
את like copper.

1 Samuel 2:10YAHWEH breaks down His adversaries. 
Against him from the skies He thunders. 
YAHWEH corrects the ends of the earth. 
And He gives strength to His king.
And He exalts the horn of His anointed.” 

       mashiyach - anointed; specifically, The Messiah.

1 Chronicles 16:11 Seek YAHWEH and His strength.
Seek His face continually.

1 Chronicles 16:27:  Majesty and splendor are before His face!
Power and joy are in His place!

Job 12:16:  With Him are strength and sound wisdom.
Those being deceived
and those deceiving are His.

Psalms 8:2: From the mouths of children and infants
You have established a foundation of
in order that Your oppressors are caused to cease,
the adversary and the avenger.

Psalms 21:13:  Be exalted, YAHWEH, by Your strength!
We will sing!
And we will sing praise of Your power!

Psalms 28:7-8:  YAHWEH is my strength and my shield!
My heart has trusted in Him
and I have been helped!
And my heart rejoices!
And by my song I will cause Him praise!
YAHWEH is the strength of His people!
Even a stronghold of deliverances of His anointed is He!

Psalms 46:1:  The Elohim is our refuge and strength,
a help in distress, quickly found.

Psalms 59:16:  But I myself,
I will sing of Your power,
even shout for joy at dawn of Your kindness
because You have been my defense,
even a refuge in the day of my distress!

Psalms 61:3:  Indeed You have been my refuge,
za tower of strength in the face of the adversary.
For You have been a shelter for me,
and a
strong tower from the enemy.

Psalms 62:11:  The Elohim has spoken once.
Twice I have heard this,
that strength belongs to The Elohim.

Psalms 84:5: Happy is the human being
strength is in You! 
Highways are in their heart.

Psalms 96:6:  Magnificence and majesty are before His face!
Strength and beauty are in His Sanctuary!

Proverbs 21:22 A city of mighty men
the wise one has climbed.
And he has caused to come down
the strength of its confidence.

Proverbs 24:5:  The valiant man is wise with strength
And a man of knowledge is courageous with power.

Isaiah 12:2:   Behold! The El is my deliverance! 

I will trust and not be afraid 
YAH, YAHWEH is my strength and my song! 
And He is my deliverance.”

Jeremiah 16:19:  YAHWEH, my strength and my fortress 
and my refuge in the day of distress, 
the nations will come to You
from the ends of the earth. 
And they will say, 
“Only lies have our forefathers inherited, emptiness, 
and there is no benefit in them!”

Ezekiel 33:28:  And I will set the land itself את
as a desolation and a ruin! 
The arrogance of her strength will be ended! 
And the mountains of Yisra'el will be devastated, with no one passing over!

H6184 – ariyts – used 20 times

6184. XyîrDo  {ariyts, aw-reets´; from 6206; fearful, i.e. powerful or tyrannical:
—mighty, oppressor, in great power, strong, terrible, violent.

6206. XArDo  {arats, aw-rats´; a primitive root; to awe or (intransitive) to dread; hence, to harass:
—be affrighted (afraid, dread, feared, terrified), break, dread, fear, oppress, prevail, shake terribly.

Job 27:13:  This is the portion 
of a morally wrong human being with The El
and the inheritance of the
which they will receive from The Almighty:

Psalms 86:14:  Elohim, the arrogant have risen against me.

And an assembly of ruthless men have sought my life.
And they have not placed You before them.

Isaiah 25:3-5:  For this reason powerful people honor You. 

Cities of ruthless nations fear You 
4 because You are a refuge for the weak, 
a refuge for the poor in his distress, 
a shelter from the storm, 
a shade from the heat, 
because the breath of
the ruthless 
is like a storm, a wall. 
5 Like heat in a desert 
You subdue the noise of foreigners, 
drought like the shade of a cloud. 
The song of the
ruthless is brought down.

Isaiah 29:20:  Indeed the ruthless one will disappear. 
And the scoffer will be consumed. 
And all who watch for mischief will be cut off,

Isaiah 49:25:  Indeed according to this said YAHWEH
“Even the captives of the mighty will be taken away. 
And the prey of
the ruthless will escape. 
And with your contenders themselves את I will contend. 
And your children themselves
את I will set free.

Jeremiah 15:21 And I will deliver you from the hand 
of those doing wrong! 
And I will ransom you from the hand of the

Jeremiah 20:11:  But YAHWEH is with me myself את
like a mighty awesome one
For this reason those pursuing me will falter. 
And they will not prevail. 
They will be greatly put to shame 
because they have not acted wisely, a disgrace forever.
It will not be forgotten.

Ezekiel 28:7: For this reason behold! 
I am bringing against you strangers,
ruthless nations! 
And they will draw their swords against the beauty of your wisdom! 
And they will defile your splendor!

H7980 – shalat – used 8 times

7980. fAlÎv shalat, shaw-lat´; a primitive root; to dominate, i.e. govern; by implication, to permit:
—(bear, have) rule, have dominion, give (have) power.

Nehemiah 5:15 But the former governors that had been before me
were chargeable unto the people,
and had taken of them bread and wine,
beside forty shekels of silver;
yea, even their servants bare
rule over the people:
but so did not I, because of the reverence of

Psalms 119:133 Establish my footsteps with Your word!
And do not let any worthless thing
dominion over me!

Ecclesiastes 2:19:   And who knows whether he 
will be wise or be a fool? 
Yet he will
be master over all my labor 
with which I have labored 
and with which I have been wise beneath the sun. 
This also is futility!

Ecclesiastes 5:19:  Also, 
every human being to whom The Elohim 
has given riches and wealth, 
and has
permitted him to eat because of them, 
and to receive his portion itself את
and rejoice in his labor, 
this is a gift of The Elohim Himself.

Ecclesiastes 8:9:  All of this itself את I have observed. 
I gave my heart itself
to every action which has been done beneath the sun. 
 There is a time in which 
a human being has
ruled against another human being 
to his own hurt.

H8633 – toqeph – used 3 times

8633P®q;Ot  toqeph, to´-kef; from 8630; might or (figuratively) positiveness:
—authority, power, strength.

PAq;Dt  taqaph, taw-kaf´; a primitive root; to overpower:
—prevail (against).

Esther 9:29 Then Esther the queen, the daughter of Abihail, and Mordecai the Jew, wrote with all authority, to confirm this second letter of Purim.

Esther 10:2 And all the acts of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordecai, whereunto the king advanced him, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Media and Persia?

Daniel 11:17 He will also set his face to enter with the strength of his whole kingdom, and upright ones with him; thus will he do: and he will give him the daughter of women, corrupting her: but she will not stand on his side, neither be for him.

H8592 –ta`atsumah – used only once

8591. oAo;Dt  ta{a{, taw-ah´; a primitive root; to cheat; by analogy, to maltreat:
—deceive, misuse.

Psalms 68:35The Elohim is awesome!
From Your set apart places
The El of Yisra’el is He Who is giving strength
power to His people.
Blessed be The Elohim!

Be sure to continue with Part 3, Greek Terms.

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